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Marine Biology: Encyclopedias and More

This guide includes selected print and electronic books, journals, and databases as well as web resources in the field of marine biology.

Using an Encyclopedia

As a Background Source

The purpose of an encyclopedia is to provide basic information about a topic. Within the article, you should encounter important terms, the names of notable people, and background information on the topic. This can help you establish a foundation for your research.

Never Cite an Encyclopedia Article

This is something that is never done. Never!

Use the Bibliography at the End of an Article

Sources included are considered classic books and articles on the topic.


Reference Universe

Reference Universe is a unique database that makes transparent both printed and online reference material that might otherwise remain hidden. It searches back-of-the-book indexes and article titles in thousands of encyclopedias and other reference works owned by College of Charleston Libraries.
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Oxford Reference Online

Search Oxford Reference Online


Credo Reference

Gale Virtual Reference Library

Search Gale Virtual Reference Library


Electronic Encyclopedias and More

Print Encyclopedias and More