Media literacy is the ability to access, analyze, evaluate,create, and act using all forms of communication. In its simplest terms, media literacy builds upon the foundation of traditional literacy and offers new forms of reading and writing. Media literacy empowers people to be critical thinkers and makers, effective communicators and active citizens.
According to the Association of College & Research Libraries (ACRL), in their "Information Literacy Competency Standards (2000)," information literacy is "a set of abilities requiring individuals to recognize when information is needed and have the ability to locate, evaluate, and use effectively the needed information. It enables learners to master content and extend their investigations, become more self-directed, and assume greater control over their own learning." An information literate individual is able to
A later, expanded definition of information literacy from the ACRL emphasizes dynamism, flexibility, individual growth, and community learning in their "Framework for Information Literacy for Higher Education (2016)." Here, information literacy is defined as "a set of integrated abilities encompassing the reflective discovery of information, the understanding of how information is produced and valued, and the use of information in creating new knowledge and participating ethically in communities of learning." Concepts that are central to information literacy, knowledge practices, and dispositions include