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The Truth is Out There! Media Literacy - Identifying Credible Information: Information/Media Literacy Resources


Information Literacy & Media Literacy Resources



If you have questions about information literacy, media literacy, or locating these resources, then Ask a Librarian!

Media literacy is the ability to access, analyze, evaluate,create, and act using all forms of communication.  In its simplest terms, media literacy builds upon the foundation of traditional literacy and offers new forms of reading and writing.  Media literacy empowers people to be critical thinkers and makers, effective communicators and active citizens.

National Association for Media Literacy Education (NAMLE) -- 

  • Media refers to all electronic or digital means and print or artistic visuals used to transmit messages
  • Literacy is the ability to encode and decode symbols and to synthesize and analyze messages.
  • Media literacy is the ability to encode and decode the symbols transmitted via media and the ability to synthesize, analyze and produce mediated messages.

Center for Media Literacy (CML) --

  • Media literacy is a 21st century approach to education.
  • It provides a framework to access, analyze, evaluate and create messages in a variety of forms -- from print to video to the Internet.
  • Media literacy builds an understanding of the role of media in society as well as essential skills of inquiry and self-expression necessary for citizens of a democracy.

Media Smarts | Canada's Centre for Digital and Media Literacy --

  • Media are constructions created by individuals who make conscious and unconscious choices about what to include.
  • Audiences negotiate meaning; meaning of any media product is created by a collaboration between producers and their audience.
  • Media have commercial implications that can influence content and how it's communicated.
  • Media have social and political implications that convey ideological messages about values, power and authority.
  • Each medium has a unique aesthetic form, and the content of media depends in part on the nature of the medium.


Books on Media Literacy

According to the Association of College & Research Libraries (ACRL), in their "Information Literacy Competency Standards (2000)," information literacy is "a set of abilities requiring individuals to recognize when information is needed and have the ability to locate, evaluate, and use effectively the needed information.  It enables learners to master content and extend their investigations, become more self-directed, and assume greater control over their own learning." An information literate individual is able to

  • Determine the extent of information needed
  • Access the needed information effectively and efficiently
  • Evaluate information and its sources critically
  • Incorporate selected information into one’s knowledge base
  • Use information effectively to accomplish a specific purpose
  • Understand the economic, legal, and social issues surrounding the use of information, and access and use information ethically and legally

A later, expanded definition of information literacy from the ACRL emphasizes dynamism, flexibility, individual growth, and community learning in their "Framework for Information Literacy for Higher Education (2016)." Here, information literacy is defined as "a set of integrated abilities encompassing the reflective discovery of information, the understanding of how information is produced and valued, and the use of information in creating new knowledge and participating ethically in communities of learning." Concepts that are central to information literacy, knowledge practices, and dispositions include

  • Authority Is Constructed and Contextual
  • Information Creation as a Process
  • Information Has Value
  • Research as Inquiry
  • Scholarship as Conversation
  • Searching as Strategic Exploration


Books on Information Literacy