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Data Visualization: Choosing Chart Types

Chart Types

What type of chart you choose is suggested by your data. What story are you trying to tell with your data?

Andy Kirk describes chart families as:

Categorical: Comparing categories and distributions of quantitative values.

Hierarchical: Charting part-to-whole relationships and hierarchies.

Relational: Graphing relationships to explore correlations and connections.

Temporal: Showing trends and activities over time.

Spatial: Mapping spatial patterns through overlays and distortions.

Source: Kirk, Andy. Data Visualization: A Handbook for Data Driven Design. California: Sage Publications, 2016: 158.

Once you know the chart family that is appropriate for your visualizations, then you can start matching chart types with your data.

A Visual Catalog of Chart Types is provided by