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Citation Styles and Citation Managers for Graduate Students: Citation Tools

Citation Generators

Citation generators are simple apps that take bibliographic information and generate citations and references in a desired citation style (such as APA or MLA). However, they are typically "one-off" uses; you may find yourself generating the same citation repeatedly. While there are several citation generators available online, ZoteroBib and NoodleTools Express are both recommended.

Research Management Software

Research management software builds a permanent database of references, which can then be used to generate citations and references. Unlike citation generators, research management software will "remember" your library of references, so you don't have to re-find or re-generate the same references over and over. They also come with other useful features for research:

  • Keep track of articles and studies you've read
  • Sync your library of references or PDFs across multiple devices
  • Annotate and "mark up" PDFs, or keep notes attached to references

There following software options are recommended to manage your research (in addition to generating citations).